10 Creative Lessons from Bowie in Berlin

Bowie in Berlin by Thomas Jerome SeabrookDavid Bowie is most famous for his glam rock creation Ziggy Stardust, but his best and most interesting work centres around his ‘Berlin period’ – the three years he spent living in Berlin, producing the experimental electronic albums Low, “Heroes” and Lodger. At least that’s what the man himself thinks, and I’m inclined to agree with him.

So you can imagine my delight when Santa left me a copy of Thomas Jerome Seabrook’s new book, Bowie in Berlin, telling the story of this period of Bowie’s career. It’s a great read and full of lessons for the aspiring artist and creative entrepreneur. Here’s what I’ve got from it so far:

1. Zag When Others Zig

In the mid-70s Bowie kept his audience on their toes with a series of changes of direction. He famously ‘killed’ Ziggy Stardust at the height of his fame, when it looked easier and more profitable to carry on down the same glam rock path. He then went to America and attempted an ambitious rock musical (Diamond Dogs) which he abandoned mid-tour, ditching the expensive sets in favour of a stripped down stage on which he played the ‘plastic soul’ of Young Americans. Just as people were getting used to Bowie the soul singer, he left America for Europe and started dabbling in experimental electronic music.

Brian Eno described these shifts as attempts to “duck the momentum of a successful career” and keep his work fresh and interesting, for himself as much as for his audience. Bowie’s record company wasn’t always so enthusiastic – when the experimental album Low was handed into RCA it was met with “mild panic”:

one executive famously declared that he would buy Bowie a house in Philadelphia if he would, please, make another Young Americans.

Takeaway: Keep asking yourself – “What’s my obvious next move? Is it also the smartest/most interesting move?”

2. If You’re Always Crashing in the Same Car, Get Out

When Bowie first went to America he found it fresh and artistically stimulating. But by the time he recorded Young Americans and Station to Station he was on a downward spiral, shut away for long periods in his Los Angeles home, his paranoia fueled by cocaine and books about black magic and fascism. On the surface he had the dream lifestyle of an artistic celebrity, but in reality he knew he was destroying himself, and it was time for a complete change of scene.

Takeaway: If what you’re doing isn’t working, do something different.

3. Make the Most of Other People’s Talent

Iggy Pop, Brian Eno, Nicholas Roeg, Robert Fripp, Tony Visconti – these are just some of the better-known names with whom Bowie collaborated during his Berlin period. Others included obscure session musicians who couldn’t believe their luck when they found themselves in the studio with a superstar. Like the young guitarist Phil Palmer, who was at his Mum’s house when he received a call from David Bowie asking him to drop in and help out with some guitar work. Robert Fripp was unavailable and Bowie considered his own attempts at the guitar parts to be substandard – so without standing on ceremony, Bowie directed this virtual unknown to do a better job than he could himself.

Although best known as a front man, Bowie had a gift for collaboration, finding the right partners to create something bigger and better than any of them could do individually. Often, this meant drafting in musicians to help with his own albums, but he could also take direction from others (e.g. Nick Roeg, director of the film The Man Who Fell to Earth, in which Bowie starred) or remain in the background, pulling strings and directing others’ talents (as the producer of Iggy Pop’s albums The Idiot and Lust for Life).

Takeaway: Multiply your talents with creative partnerships.

4. Give Yourself Culture Shock

After the opulence and celebrity culture of Los Angeles, the austerity and anonymity of Cold War Berlin was a deliberate culture shock for Bowie. His stated intention was to “find some people you don’t understand and a place you don’t want to be and just put yourself into it”. In LA, drugs, sex and other commodities were only a phone call away – but Berlin was a place where you “force yourself to buy your own groceries”:

“Nobody gives a shit about you in Berlin,” said Bowie. The city’s vague aggregation of social misfits, draft dodgers, and struggling artists had more than enough problems of their own to be worrying about an ex-pat British pop star.

Apart from the personal disorientation that came from losing his celebrity status, the political and social tensions within a city divided by the Berlin Wall had a profound influence on the edgy, alienated music he produced while living there.

Takeaway: If you’re stuck in a creative rut, go somewhere that will disorient you.

5. There’s a Time and a Place for Mucking About

Seabrook has a healthy scepticism about some of the wilder rumours about Bowie’s behaviour and state of mind while in LA, but Bowie himself has admitted that he seriously lost the plot during this period of his life. Seabrook concludes that he was frequently “not of sound mind” due to his drug intake and occcult obsessions. This resulted in a gap of several months between recordings, and he screwed up a few TV interviews with some pretty eccentric performances. But he still maintained a remarkable rate of artistic production, and the impression I get from the book is that, when it really mattered, Bowie was able to put his problems on hold – or use his work as a cathartic channel – and get down to business. Cocaine seems to have been a normal part of the creative process for musicians on the LA scene at the time, fueling marathon recording sessions. And Bowie seems to have largely stuck to his resolve to leave drugs alone during the filming of The Man Who Fell to Earth, stabilising his mental condition and turning in the best acting performance of his career.

In this respect, Bowie was in marked contrast to Iggy Pop during the same period. For all his excesses, Bowie managed to maintain a productive output and the status and trappings of fame. According to Seabrook, Iggy was living in “a nomadic, shambolic lifestyle, largely reliant on the kindness of friends and acquaintances who put him up and put up with him as he continued to fight a seemingly endless battle with heroin addiction”. Bumping into him on Sunset Boulevard, Bowie tried to help his friend by booking studio time to record a solo Iggy Pop album. But when Iggy failed to turn up for the second day’s recording, after a night of overindulgence, Bowie was furious and abandoned the project. To me, this vignette offers a glimpse of a disciplined, workaholic side of Bowie: when it was time to work, the work came first.

Takeaway: Know the difference between work and play. Mix the two up if you like, but be prepared to make sacrifices when it’s time to get down to work.

6. A Sound Business Model Makes up for a Multitude of Sins

One of the reasons Bowie was able to ‘coast’ during periods of indulgence without hitting the skids like Iggy was that he had a well oiled money-making machine in place. Notwithstanding disputes with and sackings of managers, he had a close-knit team of personal assistants and administrators who made sure things got done and he got paid.

Iggy was greatly impressed and inspired by the professionalism of the Bowie operation: Rolling into towns across America and Europe without a hitch, playing to crowds of thousands night after night, and making a tidy profit along the way, all the while maintaining a steady stream of high quality recorded output.

On the face of it, this wasn’t quite as rock ‘n’ roll as Iggy’s wild child persona, but it actually meant that a lot more rock ‘n’ roll got made. Bowie’s business sense not only saved him – and Iggy – from personal disaster, it meant he was in a position to help Iggy get his career back on track with the classic albums The Idiot and Lust for Life.

Takeaway: Explore and test different business models. Invest time and effort up front to create business systems that will take care of you – and your creativity – in the long term.

7. Trust Your Curiosity

Bowie has been criticised for being a cultural magpie, dabbling in various genres and cherry picking themes and styles for his own purposes. To me, this is one of the things that makes him interesting. As Oscar Wilde said, “talent borrows, genius steals”. To the uninformed, Bowie’s career during the 70s looks like a series of huge artistic leaps, but Seabrook shows that at every stage, he was assembling and building on influences in other people’s work. What sets them apart from more predictable artists was a restless curiosity that led him to explore different genres. Eno and Kraftwerk were two prominent influences on Bowie’s new electronic direction, but for him they were just two among several European artists working in similar territory, including Neu!, Faust, Tangerine Dream and Cluster.

Takeaway: Keep following up on your curiosity and hunches – you never know what they might lead to.

8. Embrace New Technology

One of the things that Tony Visconti brought to the Low sessions was a machine that “fucks with the fabric of time” – an early form of sampler, capable of capturing and distorting sounds. This resulted in what Rolling Stone magazine described as “one of rock’s all-time most imitated drum sounds”. Not to be outdone, Brian Eno turned up with an equally futuristic piece of kit:

His main tool was his current calling card, the EMS Synthi A, a ‘synthesiser in a briefcase’ comprising three oscillators and a patchbay system, controlled by joystick rather than a keyboard, which he used both to add colourful flourishes of his own and to manipulate the sound of parts played by the other musicians

Takeaway: Look for technology that opens up new creative possibilities. Hang around with people who know about the latest developments.

9. Don’t Assume It Will Be Difficult

Right from the start of the Low sessions, producer Tony Visconti made sure that recording tapes were rolling at all times, as he knew from experience that what Bowie might consider to be rehearsals and demos “could end up as masters, and they did”:

Bowie had originally assumed that the sessions would result merely in a collection of demos to use as a starting point for a ‘proper’ new record. But when Visconti made him a tape of what they’d done during the first two weeks, Bowie realised that, to his surprise and amazement, they were well on the way to making an album.

Takeaway: Be prepared to work hard, but don’t throw out ‘throwaway’ material without having a good look at it – you may have done a better job than you realise.

10. Rock Stars Get Special Treatment

The Man Who Fell to Earth has stood the test of time as Bowie’s greatest screen role, but in retrospect he was lucky it happened at all, considering his behaviour when the prospective director, Nick Roeg, requested an initial meeting:

[Bowie] arrived eight hours late – he had first forgotten that he was supposed to meet Roeg, and then assumed that the director would not have bothered waiting, so busied himself elsewhere. Eventually, Bowie returned to his rented New York residence in the early hours to find Roeg sitting at the kitchen table.

I guess we could all measure our reputation and influence by imagining how long the director would have waited for us at that table. Eight hours? Four hours? Five minutes if you’re lucky? I’m not suggesting we should all aspire to extravagantly inconsiderate behaviour, but if you want opportunities to come to you – even wait for you, on occasion – the smartest career move you can make is to build a reputation for yourself as a creative rock star.

Takeaway: Initiate creative projects that will build your reputation. Take commissions and do client work if you need to pay the bills, but don’t rely on this in the long term. And don’t act like a prima donna if you haven’t earned it.

Over to You

Which of these lessons resonate most strongly for you?

For the Bowie fans – what other lessons do you draw from his career?

About the Author: Mark McGuinness is a Coach for Artists, Creatives and Entrepreneurs. For a free 25-week guide to success as a creative professional, sign up for Mark’s course The Creative Pathfinder.

Get past two of the biggest obstacles you will ever face

Resilience: Facing Down Rejection and Criticism on the Road to Success

If you want to achieve something original and meaningful with your life, you must learn to deal with rejection and criticism.

Mark McGuinness shows you how to handle them in his new book Resilience: Facing Down Rejection and Criticism on the Road to Success.

Based on 16 years' experience of coaching creative people like you, Resilience gives you tried-and-tested ways to get past rejection and criticism and succeed on your own terms.

"Read this book and you will be bulletproof!" ~ Steven Pressfield, bestselling author of The War of Art and Turning Pro

Click to learn more about Resilience (and read the opening chapters for free). >>

Responses to this Post

Comments

  1. Hi Mark,

    I think there was a mix-up in Santa’s sack! You got my present and I got yours.

    Happily, you’ve created a great article from my present and I’ve discovered from yours that I too look great in pink women’s lingerie! Who’d have thunk it?! ;-)

    I really enjoyed this post and the 10 lessons you offered. I feel that with 4) I must already be ahead because where Bowie had to go to Berlin for this experience, I personally find that “Nobody gives a shit” about me wherever I go! Bonus!

    Happy New Year and keep up the terrific posts,
    Wily

    PS. Do you want me to send the lingerie on? I will launder it first. ;-)

  2. “Which of these lessons resonate most strongly for you?”

    Absolutely, it’s #4 Give Yourself Culture Shock.

    I grew up in a small rural town in Indiana, completely dominated by my family’s and community’s expectations and perspective. I was who they said I was.

    When my husband joined the military in 1993, and we subsequently moved first to Destin, Florida and then to Tokyo, Japan, it forced me to evolve.

    To a certain extent, I hated it. I hated Florida with a passion. I loved Tokyo, but the culture shock was unrelentingly jarring. But without those experiences, I seriously doubt I’d be working as a creative.

  3. I LOVE #4. All my freshest, best ideas come when I’m somewhere new. The disorientation opens new fuses in the brain. A few months ago I had horrible weather trying to get to a conference in Mexico. The trip seemed endless. But magically 9 chapters of a new book sprung up. It felt like I was just taking dictation from some other person. Similar situation happened in Estonia.

    Great post. Thanks!
    Lois

  4. Great post, with thourougly wholesome advice that – considering the subject matter of Your analogy – becomes great advice. A perfect way to finish off 2008 in a Lateral way, can’t wait for a new year to put it into practice.

    Happy New Year,
    Ziggy [continously] plays guitar!

  5. These are fabulous, I’m a major Bowie fan and I love the way you’ve brought these elements out.

  6. “This is a bloody masterpiece”
    I will reverberate Sonia’s remarks as I to am and continue to be a fan of my British heritage and I could go on and on and on about that another time! While they were all easily understandable thanks to your mastery I’d say that #3 is probably the one I try to leverage the most as what I lack in knowledge I make up for with sincerity in my business model.
    Social media isn’t a passing fancy and I value the abilities of others far above my own. This post was the very first one I’ve read today and it is doubtful that any other will touch it.

    Brilliant work.
    MRHYPERPCS

  7. Gotta love David Bowie. And thanks for the tip on the book! I can’t wait to read it.

    While I have resonated with all of these at different times the two that are speaking to me most right now are follow your curiosity and embrace new technologies. I’m just starting into the blogging world ( not exactly an early adopter) and so I am having fun learning about how the whole thing works and also exploring technologies that can help me become a blogger.

    And talk about reinvention! Have you heard Paul McCartneys new album Electric Arguments, where he calls himself The Firemen? It is great and so totally not what you would expect from him. Nice to see that those old rock and rollers are still keeping themselves alive creatively.

    I wonder if he’s recently been to Berlin ( -:

  8. Not all that fammiliar with Bowie and the ‘Berlin period’ but these well-written summaries and the takeaways were an excellent way to get informed – thanks!

  9. I completely agree with your points. I believe Bowie raised the bar for everyone, not only as productive artists but as human beings. He is the ultimate modern man.

    As far as what resonates the most with me, well let’s just say it meant so much I had to have it inked:

    <img src=”http://a804.ac-images.myspacecdn.com/images01/48/l_437d7a956c765c486125fc28c6f2590b.jpg”

  10. Thanks everyone, glad you enjoyed it.

    @Wily – no need to forward the parcel. No, really – you keep it. :-)

    @Kat – funnily enough I had Tokyo in mind when I wrote that. The first time I went to Japan I wanted to see a place that would disorient and beguile me. It didn’t disappoint!

    @Lois – “The disorientation opens new fuses in the brain.” Here’s a neuroscientist who agrees with you: http://www.amazon.com/Iconoclast-Neuroscientist-Reveals-Think-Differently/dp/1422115011/ref=pd_bbs_sr_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1230717953&sr=8-1

    @Chris – welcome to blogspace! I’ve not heard the Paul McCartney album – my brother is the Beatles fan, so doubtless I’ll hear it at his place sometime soon.

  11. I also like #4 however #9 strikes me as the most pertinent to me in my life, business and music. “Don’t throwaway throwaway material” – this is great. I am a businessman and musician. I have followed social media directions, gotten very disappointed and quit. I have also written music in a dark place and thought it very cloying. Luckily all of this material is still recoverable and able to be dusted off.

    I will think more about this today and see how much more this applies to me than what I have written here.

    Happy New Year to all

  12. Brilliant review and a great example of standing on the shoulders of someone’s work and reaching new heights and new audiences. I’ve not read the book yet, but you’ve clearly “sampled” it and made your own hit!

    I’m a big Bowie fan and have always noted with admiration his crosscutting “zag” while watching others jump on his wagon, just as he was jumping off (#1) .

    I live in suburban north NJ, which to some may be the ultimate cultural disorientation, but after I left Boston and before I became acclimated to all this, my spidey senses were tingling much more (#4).

    I love your “2. If You’re Always Crashing in the Same Car, Get Out.” (Sometimes I’m shocked that my “car” still runs, being so banged up.) True artists like Bowie can do just that, and deserve our admiration.

    Bowie has built an enviable personal brand. Unlike most highly popular recording artists, he’s built up the juice to do whatever he wants, with anyone, anywhere, any time. I’ll go out on a limb here and call that success.

    Keep up the good work. I’ll be passing this on.

  13. I have to go with “Give yourself culture shock.” I think as a Christian I tend to fall into ruts of people who think like I do because I can be intellectually or emotionally lazy and not want to discuss differences…or I’m simply making a bad judgment of character on someone I don’t even know.

    I’ve found talking to people way outside of my culture ring–foreigners, denominations, religions–injects me with incredible insights, ideas and plans.

  14. Other lessons from Bowie:

    1. With Eno – develop oblique strategies
    http://www.rtqe.net/ObliqueStrategies/
    Give yourself lateral thinking tasks like less is more.

    2. Don’t be afraid to be cutting edge – even when you’re past your youth.
    Outside and Earthling (the drum n bass LP) were really not bad – and better than the unmemorable awful safety net MOR albums that followed.

    3. Stimulation (e.g. drugs) is good – but it can go too far. There were three album in 80s Bowie didn’t remember recording like ‘Never Let Me Down’ and Tin Machine which I wish he hadn’t bothered with. Don’t let outside influence buffer you from the truth – always accept criticism.

    4. Be cross platform.
    Own your own rights. Develop your own domain like the bowienet, where fans can buy ‘shares’ in future bowie product. Become a great actor. Become an average painter. Be Renaissance – gain inspiration from new sources.

  15. This a wonderful article, Mark. Thank you.

    As a photographer and artist, this lesson that resonates a lot:

    [Bowie's] stated intention [for moving to Berlin] was to “find some people you don’t understand and a place you don’t want to be and just put yourself into it”.

    I try to do that with every photograph I make and every project I take on. It may not always work, but when it does it’s pure magic.

  16. Fantastic. Bookmarked.

  17. Thanks everyone, really interesting to hear how it resonates for different people.

    Susi — thanks for the brilliant extra lessons!

    I just realised I should have called this post The Heart’s Filthy Lessons. :-)

Speak Your Mind

*